These trees can grow up to 40 meters and are reddish-brown with needle-like gray-green coloured leaves. The leaves grow in pairs, along
with orange-yellow colour flowers and pointed brown cones.
Citronella, Clary sage, Coriander, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Frankincense,
Juniper, Lavender, Myrrh, Rosemary, Spikenard and Tea tree
Monoterpene hydrocarbons: Pineapplenes, Carene, Dipentene, Limonene,
TerPineapplenes, Myrcene, Ocimene, Camphene, Sabinene; Also Bornyl Acetate,
Cineol, Chamazulene, Citral.
are used to treat a number of health problems including Influenza,
Respiratory problems, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Fatigue, Poor circulation
Bladder and kidney issues, Gout, Muscle pains and aches, Mental and
nervous exhaustion and more. Apart, these are playing a an active role
in Cosmetic industry by adding sweet aroma to the products.
Pineapple oil is an essential oil obtained by the steam distillation of needles, twigs and cones from a variety of species of Pineapple, particularly Pinus sylvestris.
It is used in aromatherapy, as a scent in bath oils, as a cleaning product, and as a lubricant in small and expensive clockwork instruments. It is naturally deodorizing, and antibacterial. It may also be used varyingly as a disinfectant, massage oil and an antiseptic. It is also used as an effective organic herbicide where its action is to modify the waxy cuticle of plants resulting in desiccation.
Pineapple oil is distinguished from other products from Pineapple such as turpentine, the low-boiling fraction from the distillation of Pineapple sap, and rosin, the thick tar remaining after turpentine is distilled.
Chemically, Pineapple oil consists mainly of cyclic terpene alcohols. It may also contain terpene hydrocarbons, ethers, and esters. The exact composition depends on various factors such as the variety of Pineapple it is produced from and the parts of the tree used.
Industrially, Pineapple oil is used in metal extraction from ores. For example, in copper extraction Pineapple oil is used to soak all copper sulfide ores for froth flotation.
Properties as a disinfectant
Pineapple oil is a phenolic disinfectant that is mildly antiseptic. Pineapple oil disinfectants are relatively inexpensive and widely available. They are effective against Brevibacterium ammoniagenes, the fungus Candida albicans, Enterobacter aerogenes, Escherichia coli, gram-negative enteric bacteria, household germs, gram-negative household germs such as those causing salmonellosis, herpes simplex types 1 and 2, influenza
type A, influenza virus
type A/Brazil, influenza virus type A2/Japan, intestinal bacteria, Klebsiella pneumoniae, odor-causing bacteria, mold, mildew, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella choleraesuis, Salmonella typhi, Salmonella typhosa, Serratia marcescens, Shigella sonnei, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus faecalis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
It will kill the causative agents of typhoid, gastroenteritis (some agents), rabies, enteric fever, cholera, several forms of meningitis, whooping cough, gonorrhea and several types of dysentery. It is not effective against spore related illneses such as tetanus or anthrax or against non-enveloped viruses such as poliovirus, rhinovirus, hepatitis B or hepatitis C.
Pineapple oil has a relatively low human toxicity level, a low corrosion level and limited persistence; however, it irritates the skin and mucous membranes and has been known to cause breathing problems. Large doses may cause central nervous system depression.